ISRO:- Indian Chandrayaan Expedition: There was a time when India depended on other countries for any of its space-related missions. At the same time, the time has changed since the success of Mission Mangal, a new energy has been filled in our scientists. Now our scientists are using indigenous knowledge skills in such a way that many developed countries are also surprised to see this.
One such mission is Chandrayaan 2. This second Chandrayaan mission of India, Chandrayaan 2 was launched a few months ago by Sriharikota of India. At the same time, it successfully reached there too. But with this, because of its lander not working properly, it could not be successfully land.
Yet everything else is still working properly and continuously sending data to the research center of our ISRO. There are many things related to Chandrayaan 2 mission that many people do not understand. That is why I thought that why should you all be provided with all information about Chandrayaan 2.
Read this article very carefully because we have done a lot of research and have collected information from many different sources and have tried to give you complete and accurate information. I hope that you get this effort with us. At the same time, you can ask the questions arising in your mind in the comments below, we will be happy to answer them.
Then without delay let’s start and know what Chandrayaan 2 is, what is this Chandrayan 2 and why is it so important to us? Chandrayaan 2 full information, you will get to read here
What is Chandrayaan-2
Chandrayaan-2 is the second lunar mission of India. Through this mission, India wants to do its research in the unchartered (undiscovered) south pole area of the moon where no country has been able to reach to date.
But during this mission, the lander Vikram missed his first primary landing site and hence had to land in the second site. At the same time, visuals stopped coming due to loss of contact while landing.
According to ISRO chief K Sivan, communication with Vikram (Vikram) Lander has been broken, while scientists are still trying to find out the reason for it. At the same time, data is also being analyzed.
On the other hand, if India is fully successful in this mission, then it will become the fourth such country in the world, which has successfully made its landing in the moon. Earlier, the USSR, US, and China have been successful in doing so. However, they will also take a lot of effort to do so.
India’s Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle, GSLV MkIII-M1, successfully launched Chandrayaan-2 spacecraft into Earth orbit on July 22.
UPDATE Chandrayaan-2 spacecraft of good news for India has successfully entered the moon’s orbit on August 20.
On August 22, Isro released the first image of the moon which was captured by Chandrayaan-2.
UPDATE ON September 2, ‘Vikram’ successfully separated itself from Orbiter.
When was Chandrayan 2 scheduled to begin?
If we look back a little, then we will know that Chandryaan-2 was decided to be launched in 2011. Who was about to go to the moon at that time with a Russian-made lander and rover.
But just before the mission, Russia refused this process, as a result of which ISRO had to develop its own lander and rover using indigenous knowledge skills. For which it took them about 8 years to develop them.
India’s first lunar probe was the Chandrayaan-1 mission, which was launched in October 2008. There was a lunar orbiter and an impactor in this mission, but there was no rover involved in it as in Chandrayaan-2.
When and where was Chandrayaan 2 launched?
Chandrayaan-2 to 22 July 2019 in Andhra Pradesh Sriharikota at Satish Dhawan Space Center ( Satish Dhawan Space Centre SHAR: SDSC-SHAR) of Chandrayaan-2 spacecraft to geosynchronous satellite launch vehicle (Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle-GSLV) launch successfully Mark III was done.
Chandranyan 2 was first to be launched on July 15 but due to some technical glitch it was post-pone and it was launched on 22 July 2019, 2.43 pm.
What is the full weight of Chandrayaan-2?
The full weight of Chandrayan 2 is around 3,850 kg (8,490 lb).
How will Chandrayaan-2 work?
Let us now try to understand the working of Chandrayaan 2 in easy language. How Chandrayaan 2 is going to do its work on the Moon.
As the rocket reaches into space above, then the process of the fairing will be started i.e. the top part of the rocket will be separated and release its payload.
At the same time, the orbiter-lander module will do a series of about five complex maneuvers all around the earth so that it will build up momentum and together will act to get itself closer to the moon through slingshot
When these duos are captured within the orbit of the moon, the lander will separate himself from the orbiter so that he can make a soft landing in the moon and while he will also release the rover to do research on the surface of the moon.
While the orbiter will be moving around the moon for about a year, during this time it will continue scanning and mapping its surface. And will keep sending all the data to the earth.
What is the reason for doing Chandrayaan 2?
According to ISRO (Indian Space Research Organization), in this lunar mission Chandrayaan 2, India will be the first country to send its own moon to an area where no one has sent it till today, which is the south polar region of the moon.
The main objective of this mission is to get more information about the moon so that not only India but the whole world is going to get benefited from it.
What is the reason for the moon to explore the South Pole?
From Chandrayaan 1, it was revealed that there are possibilities of getting water in some places. At the same time, more research is needed on this subject.
This place has always remained in the dark, so there are more chances of water on the surface or below the surface.
This lunar south pole is also very interesting because more area here is always in shadow compared to the north pole.
With this, there are more craters in these south pole regions which are cold traps and there is a possibility of getting fossil records in our early solar system.
What is the main reason for sending Chandrayaan 2?
Although there are many reasons to send Chandrayaan 2, let’s consider some of the main reasons.
- The main reason for this is the discovery of water on the moon.
- Since no one has gone to the lunar South Pole to date, therefore there is more possibility of getting water here.
- At the same time, for the study of lunar topography, mineralogy, elemental abundance, and lunar exosphere.
- There are more craters here, where we hope to get fossil, while it can provide information about the early solar system.
- Chandrayaan-2 has such devices that can do 3D mapping of the topography of the South Polar region and from which it can be explored about its elemental composition and seismic activity.
About Chandrayaan 2 – Chandrayaan 2 Wikipedia
Operator- Indian Space research Organisation (ISRO)
Type of Mission- Lunar orbiter Lander 347 Rover
Duration of Mission- Orbiter: 1 year
Lander: >15 Days
Rover: >15 Days
Launch Mass- approx. 3850 Kg
Mass of Payload- Orbiter: approx 2379 Kg
Lander: approx. 1471 Kg
Rover: approx. 27 Kg
Rocket- GSLV Mk III
Launch Site- Satish Dhawan Space Centre
Launch Date- 22 July 2019
Why is Chandrayaan 2 so special?
Chandrayaan 2 is the first such space mission that will do a soft landing on the surface of the moon, that too in the south polar region. At the same time, this is India’s first Indian expedition attempt which we have developed with our indigenous knowledge skills.
This mission will make India the fourth nation that has succeeded in soft-land on the surface of the moon.
What are the components of Chandrayaan aircraft?
Know about the main components of this Chandrayaan aircraft.
While Spacecraft weighs around 3.8 tonnes, it has three modules – Orbiter, Lander (Vikram) and Rover (Pragyan).
In this, the Orbiter and Lander modules will be mechanically interfaced and stacked together as an integrated module. It will be kept inside the GSLV Mk-III launch vehicle. Rover will be installed within Lander. This is going to be different later.
After being launched by GSLV MK-III in the earth-bound orbit, its integrated module will then reach the moon orbit for which the orbiter propulsion module will be used.
At the same time, Lander will be separated from Orbiter and he will soft-land after that on the already scheduled site, which is going to be very close to the lunar South Pole, ISRO has already told this.
Rover will then do many scientific experiments on the lunar surface, while instruments will be mounted for all scientific experiments on Lander and Orbiter.
According to the news that the scientific payloads will be located on Orbiter, Lander, and Rover, he is going to do many mineralogical and elemental studies on the surface of the moon.
Do you fully understand the full payload of Chandrayaan-2?
Let us now understand what all parts of Chandrayaan 2 are there, what are the payloads of this and how are they going to work.
The name of rover (rover) sent in Chandrayaan 2 is Pragyan (Pragyan). It will have two instruments on its board.
On the surface of the moon, this instrument will test mineral and chemical compositions from the soil and rock blocks there. He will collect whatever he picks up from the south pole and send it to Earth.
Understand the process of sending, then this rover will first send all the information from the moon to Vikram Lander. Then that Lander will send all the data to the Orbiter. Then Orbiter will send everything to the ISRO center.
This whole process will take about 15 minutes. Therefore it can be said that the information sent by the robot will take only 15 minutes to reach the ISRO center of India.
The name of Lander sent in Chandrayaan 2 is Vikram. ISRO has named this Lander after Vikram Sarabhai, the founder of ISRO and father of India’s Space Program.
This five legged lander will have three instruments onboard. Which are Radio Anatomy of Moon-Bound Hypersensitive Ionosphere and an Atmosphere Probe (Rambha) which will measure the density of lunar sub surface as well as the changes in it?
The thermal temperature around the south pole of the moon will be measured using the Chandra Surface Thermophysical Experiment (ChaSTE).
The third instrument is Lunar Seismic Activity (ILSA) which will measure the seismicity or quake or tremor-potential of that area.
It will be used scientifically for 15 days. At the same time, its initial design has been created by ISRO’s Space Application Center Ahmedabad. It has subsequently been developed by URSC Bengaluru. ISRO has made all these things with indigenous knowledge skills when Russia refused to give us its lander and orbiter.
Orbiter of Chandrayaan 2 will be installed about 100 km above the lunar surface. There will be eight instruments onboard.
Information about these instruments has not been provided, which will be loaded into the rocket. But it will definitely have an Imaging Infra-red Spectrometer (IIRS) which will help us in finding and identifying minerals and water molecules. This will operate through solar power.
Its main task will be to collect all the data from Lander and Rover and transport it to ISRO Center. At the same time, it will also send the commands sent by ISRO to Lander and Rover. It has been prepared by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited and it was awarded to ISRO in 2015
What are ‘Vikram’ and ‘Pragyan’ and how do they work?
As India tried to do soft landing on the lunar surface on September 7, the eyes of all the people were fixed on lander ‘Vikram’ and rover ‘Pragyan’.
This 1,471-kg ‘Vikram ‘, named after Vikram Sarabhai, was the father of India’s Indian space program. It is designed to do a soft landing on the lunar surface, while it will work there for 1 lunar day, 1 lunar day is the same as 14 earth day.
Chandrayaan-2’s rover is named ” Pragyan “. Its weight is around 27-kg. Which means ‘ wisdom ‘ in Sanskrit. It can be run up to 500 meters from its landing spot. At the same time, it will use solar energy to function.
If it was successful, which did not happen, then Pragyaan was going to separate from Lander and do his work in which he was going to collect things from the surface of the moon and perform experiments on them.
Definition of Chandrayaan
Chandrayaan, the definition of ” moon vehicle ” or in Sanskrit is a vehicle going to the moon. At the same time, it shows the thought stream of India’s space.
Where the US, China, and private corporations are also part of this race, how they can mine resources with the moon, or know whether the moon can really be lived.
Which instruments of Chandrayaan 2 soft landing will use and where is it going to land?
Chandrayaan 2 will use Vikram lander and Pragyan rover to do a soft landing in a high plain between two craters Manzinus C and Simpelius N, which will have a latitude of about 70A ° south.
At the same time, both Lander and Rover are active for about a month.
Which launch vehicle will be used in Chandrayaan 2?
GSLV Mk-III will be used in Chandrayaan 2 to take it to its designated orbit.
This three-stage vehicle is the most powerful launcher in India at the moment, and it is very capable of launching 4-ton class satellites in Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit (GTO).
How many scientific instruments have ISRO selected?
ISRO has selected about eight scientific instruments for Chandrayan 2. Which will have 2 for the orbiter, 4 for a lander, and 2 for a rover.
What is the total cost of Chandrayaan 2?
The total cost of Mission Chandrayaan-2 is around Rs 1000 crore. At the same time, the cost of GSLV MK-III under it is about Rs 375 crore and the rest is of a satellite.
When will Chandrayaan 2 land on the moon?
Chandrayaan 2 has landed on the surface of the moon on September 7. By the way, this landing has not been completely successful.
Why is India’s Moon Mission (Chandrayaan 2) different from others?
Before India, only the US, Russia and China were able to do a soft landing on the moon. That too after a lot of effort.
At the same time, the budget of Chandrayaan 2 Mission of India is about 1 / 20th as much as NASA of USA had put on its Moon Mission. Whereas the Chandrayaan 2 mission is different from others at its cost which is much lower cost, which is about Rs. 1,000 crore has been completed.
There is also another aspect that separates Chandrayaan 2 Mission from others, that is that the lander Vikram will go towards the south pole of the moon this time – a region which has not been visited by any country till date.
Because this is a more dangerous area for landing. The rest of the countries have been up to the northern hemisphere or equatorial region.
How many people are on Chandrayaan 2?
Chandrayaan 2 is an unmanned mission, so no human has gone into it.
What is the speed of Chandrayaan 2?
The speed of Chandrayaan 2 is 21,600 kmph. At the same time, its speed was reduced to 7 kmph during soft landing.
In how many days will ISRO’s mission Chandrayaan reach the moon?
Mission Chandrayaan took about 29 days to reach the lunar orbit. At the same time, it reached there on August 20, 2019.
Mission Chandrayaan made the landing almost on the lunar surface on 7 September 2019.
Want to see Chandrayaan 2 live cast?
To see Chandrayaan 2 live cast, you just have to search Chandrayaan 2 live on YouTube. With this, you will get to see a lot of live videos.
Has anyone visited Chandrayaan 2?
No, no person has gone to Chandrayaan 2 .
Chandrayaan 2 has just been launched recently, which fuel was used?
The following fuels are used in Chandrayaan 2.
UH25 (fuel) filling liquid core stage (L110)
N204 (fuel) *1 filling liquid core stage (L110)
Liquid Oxygen (fuel) tt filling Cryogenic Stage (C25)
Liquid Hydrogen (fuel) tr filling Cryogenic Stage (C25)
Has Chandrayaan 2 started sending photos?
Yes, Chandrayaan 2 started sending photos from August 4
Chandrayaan 2 Fuel
The information about the fuel of Chandrayaan 2 has already been provided in the above. The fuel carrying capacity of Chandrayaan 2 is around 100 kg.
Will Chandrayaan 2 be considered a complete failure by India?
No, not at all, the mission of Chandrayaan 2 by India will not be considered a complete failure. Rather it is about 95% successful.
Only the lander Vikram has not been able to do soft landing properly. Everything else is going well.
Please tell me how long it took to make this Chandrayaan 2?
It has taken nearly 10 years to build Chandrayaan 2
Who approved the Chandrayaan-2 mission and when?
12 November In 2007, India and Russia started working together on Chandrayaan 2. But later Russia stopped working with India, due to which India itself had to work alone on Chandrayaan 2.
In this, indigenous knowledge Kausal has been used.
Is there any possibility of connecting with Chandrayaan 2?
In recent times, there is not much possibility of contact with Lander Vikram. But the Orbiter is still working correctly.
Has any scientist gone with Chandrayaan 2?
No scientist has not gone with Chandrayaan 2.
Will Chandrayaan 2 connect back?
No, there is no hope of Chandrayaan 2 linking up with lander Vikram yet.
Chandrayaan 2 result
The result of Chandrayaan 2 is yet to come. It will take about 30 days to send all types of data to the ISRO Center on the Earth.
Can Chandrayaan 2 Landover Still Signal?
The chances of getting a signal from the Chandrayaan 2 Landover are quite slim.
Which scientist prepared the model of Chandrayaan 2?
Chandrayaan 2 model has not been created by anyone scientist. It has been manufactured in different branches of ISRO. At the same time, HAL and other Space Centers have also helped ISRO in this.
Who has sat in Chandrayaan 2?
No one has sat in Chandrayaan 2. It is an unmanned mission that is being completely controlled by computers and robots.
When did the Chandrayaan mission 2 launch?
Chandrayaan Mission 2 was launched on 22 July 2019.
When did Chandrayaan mission 2 soft landing?
Chandrayaan 2 attempted to make a soft landing on the surface of the moon on September 7.
What is the difference between Chandrayaan 1 and Chandrayaan 2?
Chandrayaan-2 will try to land its ” Vikram ” module on the lunar surface and will fit the six-wheeled rover ” Pragyan ” on the moon and through it, many scientific tests will be done.
While Chandrayaan-1 could not do this work. The lift-off weight of Chandrayaan-1 was 1380 kg while the weight of Chandrayaan-2 is 3850 kg.
When will Chandrayaan 2 come to Earth?
There is no hope of Chandrayaan 2 coming to Earth yet. It is expected to remain in the moon for some time (1 year).
How far will the rover be able to fix in the moon?
The rover can walk up to five hundred meters from the landing on the moon.
Which state of India was the scientist in making Chandrayaan 2?
Scientists from many states of India were involved in making Chandrayaan 2. In which Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Bihar, Kerala, Karnataka, etc. are prominent.
What is ISRO’s future plan?
Isro is also preparing for its next plan Gaganyaan mission. This project’s total budget has been set to around $ 1.4 billion.
In this Gaganyaan mission, three Indian “gaganauts” are expected to be sent for the first time. At the same time, it is expected to send a woman scientist in space.
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